Employment and Manpower Information in Pakistan: Identification of the "Invisibles"

Sabur Ghayur


Employment and manpower development (E&MD) considerations
are appearing in Pakisan's development plans since the Fifth Five-Year
Plan. These considerations, though improving upon earlier neglect and at
times indifference, however, did not go beyond mere projection
exercises-themselves point of considerable debate 1 - and calculations
of employment impact of investment plans and targeted sectoral growth
rates.2 These plans (manpower plans) besides being devoid of education
and training programmes also have no integration with the development
plans, a prerequisite for a meaningful development exercise. A general
lack of awareness amongst the planners and policy-makers about the vital
links between the E&MD and the development only partly explains the
existing scenario. Absence of a reliable and adequate data base on
E&MD related variables appear to be an important constraint for
undertaking any meaningful exercise of employment and manpower planning.
Existing institutional mechanism of the Labour Market Information System
(LMIS) in Pakistan is not responding adequately in addressing its three
functions, namely (i) Labour Market Information, (ii) Labour Market
Diagnosis, and (iii) Labour Market Intermediation.3 The first two
functions are required to provide detailed information on
E&MD-related variables a subject of discussion of this paper. This
non-responsiveness is mainly attributable to low E&MD considerations
in earlier policy formulations.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v30i4IIpp.879-891


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