The Cultural Conception and Structural Perpetuation of Female Subordination: An Examination of Gender Relations among the Populations of the Chalt-Chaprote Community in the Nager Valley of Northern Pakistan

Soofia Mumfaz, Anjum Fatima


This paper examines the subordination of women by men among
the populations of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. The examination is
undertaken with reference to the Chalt-Chaprote community in the Nagar
Valley, where fieldwork was conducted in 1989-90. Hence, we: (a) Analyse
the manner in which the subordination of women is manifested, and
reinforced during different socioeconomic activities; and (b) Determine
the effects, or lack of effect, on the status and role of women, of
changing conditions (as a consequence of increased incorporation of the
region in which the community is located, within the political

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