Urbanisation and Environmental Degradation in Pakistan

Shamim A. Sahibzada


The concern over the environment is not new. But the
development policymakers have recently recognised that failing to take
the costs of environmental damage into account will slow down the
process of raising incomes and the wellbeing of the people. This
recognition is in view of the fact that economic development in both
industrialised and developing countries, especially during the past half
century, has not been environmentally sustainable. The current debate
regarding the environmental sustainability of economic development has
even challenged the very question of development. The measurement of per
capita income is no longer accepted as a sufficient indicator of
people's well-being when it comes to the quality of life and its
sustainability over time. The true. growth rate in the Gross National
Product (GNP) of a country will definitely be lower than the absolute
rate if the depreciation of natural resources resulting from
environmental degradation is allowed. The Indonesian growth rate of 7.1
percent in 1971-84 has been reported to be actually 4.0 percent when the
depreciation of three resources i.e., petroleum, timber, and soil were
taken into account [Warford and Partow (1989)].

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v32i4IIpp.639-649


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