Demand Side of Pakistan's Population Welfare Programme

M. Naseem Iqbal Farooqui, Khalid Hameed Sheikh

Abstract


Because of a continuously moderate decline in mortality
specially during the first two decades of the twentieth century and more
remarkably after the Second World War, the population of developing
countries, including Pakistan, grew faster over time. High rates of
population growth and the characteristics associated with it constituted
a serious challenge to desired economic development in these countries
[United Nations (1973)]. It was for these reasons that a number of
developing countries in the process of development considered and
adopted as part of their development efforts a population policy aimed
at reducing the rate of population growth through fertility decline. In
the early 1960s, few countries including Pakistan considered family
planning programmes as an integral part of their development policies.
By the end of 1960, family planning programmes had been initiated in
many developing countries and such programmes became an integral part of
the national plans [Freedman and Berelson (1976)]. By the mid-1970s, it
was observed that many developing countries had succeeded in enhancing
their programme activities and in achieving contraceptive use which was
responsible for reducing fertility levels in those countries. However in
many developing countries, including Pakistan, the family planning
programmes could not achieve a breakthrough in contraceptive use and
fertility decline although the programmes had been ambitiously pursued
there for more than a decade [Frinkle and Crane (1975) and Berelson
(1975)].

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v32i4IIpp.1125-1137

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