Determinants of Female Time Allocation in Selected Districts of Rural Pakistan

Nargis Sultana, Hina Nazli, Sohail J. Malik

Abstract


This paper attempts to explain female time allocation for
rural women in selected districts of Pakistan. This topic is of
considerable importance for several reasons. At an academic leveL the
fact that the female labour force participation decision and the hours
worked are jointly determined raises interesting problems of modelling
and econometric estimation in taking account of the selectivity bias
thus introduced into OLS estimation. At the policy level, an insight
into the factors influencing female labour force participation is
extremely important in a developing country such as Pakistan where the
majority of females do not participate in mainstream economic
activities. The objective of this study is to determine the factors
affecting the optimum time allocation between market and housework of
females in rural Pakistan. In a male dominated society like Pakistan
with strong cultural taboos, a woman's labour force participation can be
expected to depend significantly on non-market factors. In this study we
examine, in particular, whether women's decisions not to work outside
the home are influenced more by social norms, for example purdah and
patriarchy, or by economic constraints such as lack of relevant
education and training, non-availability of job opportunities and low
wages etc.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v33i4IIpp.1141-1153

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