Analysing Educational Waste in the Punjab Schools

Muhammad Rafiq


This paper examines educational waste in the Punjab Public
Schools. The paper focuses upon three areas: schools’ internal
efficiency, school capacity utilisation and student teacher ratio. By
using cohort analysis technique, the paper measures waste in flows of
students in the education cycle. The results show that repetition and
dropout are more prevalent in class I and middle school classes. This
implies that after having studied for five to six years in schools, a
student finds themselves in a blind alley, not knowing where it all
would end up. This also suggests that majority of the schools are
located at large distance from the most of the population of the Punjab
and students have to travel long distance for attending the schools. The
under-utilisation of school capacity is more prevalent in rural area
than that of urban areas and girls schools are more under-utilised than
the boys schools. The under-utilisation is more widespread in boys
schools of urban areas than the girls schools located in same vicinity
and girls school in rural areas are more under-utilised than the boys
schools. The pervasive theme emerged from results is that girls schools
and teachers are mostly under-utilised. This reflects that disadvantage
that girls face in Pakistan which may also cause under-utilisation of
girls schools.

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