Supply, Demand, and Policy Environment for Pulses in Pakistan

Mubarik Ali Ghafoor, Abedullah .


This paper fills an information gap regarding factors
affecting the supply and demand of pulses in Pakistan. The short- and
long-term supply elasticities were estimated using the Nerlovian partial
adjustment process, while demand elasticities were estimated by applying
the Deaton and Muellbauer Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS). Generally
lack of technological innovation in pulses, except in mungbean, has
reduced their production and they are pushed to low intensive areas
which are marginal for cereal and cash crop production. Pulses did not
benefit from the investment in irrigation infrastructure. Increase in
wage rates has further affected the mungbean and lentil production. On
the demand side, contrary to normal belief, pulses have high own-price
demand and income elasticities. Thus decline in pulses consumption is
not caused by their being regarded as inferior goods, rather it can be
attributed to disproportionate increase in pulses price, as laxity in
pulses research left their production behind demand. The high-yielding,
short-duration, and pest-resistant pulses varieties with synchronised
maturity can revive their production trend as well as improve the
dietary pattern, especially of the poor.

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