Gender Dimensions of Demographic Change in Pakistan

Naushin Mahmood, Durr-e- Nayab


The achieving of equality and equity between men and women in
different spheres of life is essential for the attainment of sustainable
development goals. In this context, the need for enhancement of women’s
participation in national development programmes and their full
integration into the development process has been widely recognised in
various global and regional forums. More recently, the Programme of
Action adopted by the International Conference on Population and
Development at Cairo in 1994 reaffirmed and elaborated the role of women
in national development, and endorsed a new strategy that emphasises
“gender equality, equity and empowerment of women”. In this context, the
Programme of Action recommends that countries should act to empower
women and should take steps to eliminate inequalities between men and
women by providing them with more choices through expanded access to
education and health services, skill development and employment, and
eliminating all practices that discriminate against women [United
Nations (1995)].

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