Anthropometric Patterns and Correlates of Growth Attainment in Under-five Pakistani Children

Sabiha Ibrahim

Abstract


This study investigates the question whether socio-economic,
demographic and environmental variables within a household will affect
the growth patterns of under-five Pakistani children. It also examines
whether there are differentials in the growth patterns of these children
by age and gender. Using the 1990-91 Demographic and Health Survey data,
the focus is on children under-five years, the total children identified
were 5902 while anthropometric measurement to assess the growth status
was available for 4079 children. The results showed that nearly all the
socio-demographic, economic and environmental variables were
significantly associated with H/A and Wt/A. Children most likely to be
stunted and underweight were those whose mothers were aged 40-44 years,
mothers with no education, children from rural areas and children with
birth interval <24 months. The multivariate analyses for Height/A
model showed succeeding birth interval >24 months, mother’s age, her
education and having toilet facilities in the house positively
associated with growth attainment. For the Weight/A model succeeding
birth interval >24 months, mother’s age, her education and having
toilet facilities and electricity in the house, and living in Punjab and
NWFP province positively associated with growth attainment. This study
will be useful for policy-makers to develop programmes and guidelines
needed to improve those socio-economic, demographic and environmental
factors, responsible for the poor nutritional status of children
under-five years of age in Pakistan.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v38i2pp.131-152

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