The Labour Force of Pakistan : A Note on the 1961 Census

Lee L. Bean, Danial M. Farooq, Musihur Rahman Khan

Abstract


One of the interesting phenomena evidenced by a rough
comparison of the 195 ljUigU26!Juensuses-of Pakistan is that the
proportion of the population in the labour force has increased from 30.7
per cent to 32.6 per cent. This is surprising from the demographic point
of view, since it is well known that under the mortality and fertility
conditions extant in Pakistan the likelihood of a proportionate increase
in available supply of manpower is low [l]1. Specifically, with a high
fertility rate the proportion of the population available as manpower
will be low [2; 2a]. Mortality improvements from a high initial level of
mortality typically make a population still younger and reduce the
proportion at working age. Thus it is unusual that the comparison of the
1951 and 1961 Censuses would indicate an increase in the proportionate
size of the labour force of Pakistan, since mor┬Čtality has been
declining in Pakistan and there is no evidence that fertility has
declined.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v6i4pp.587-591

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