Growth of Livestock Production in Pakistan: An Analysis

M Ghaffar Chaudhry, Munir Ahmad, Ghulam Mustafa Chaudhry


Agriculture is the backbone and single largest sector of
Pakistan’s economy as its contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
exceeded 25.3 percent during 1997-98. Crops, livestock, fishing and
forestry sub-sectors being its main components, only crop and livestock
sub-sectors are of critical importance. They accounted for 59.6 and 36.2
percent of the sector’s output respectively. Because of the ongoing
process of structural transformation, agriculture’s share in the
national economy is shrinking. From 39 percent of GDP in 1969-70 it has
fallen to its current levels [Pakistan (1999a)]. The livestock
sub-sector however has not followed suit. It has risen from 27.3 percent
in 1969-70 to 36.2 percent in 1997-98. This trend in fact would be more
pronounced if the national accounts did not underestimate the
sub-sector’s components such as farm yard manure, dung cakes for
household fuels and animal draft power.

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