Economic Ideas of the Quaid-i-Azam

Sharif al Mujahid

Abstract


The present paper consists of four parts. First, it is argued
why the Quaid-i- Azam, Mohammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948), concentrated for
the most part on political issues and political freedom, why he went in
for Islam as the cultural metaphor in arguing the case for Pakistan, and
why he opted for couching his marathon (1937-47) discourse in Islamic
terms. Second, the legacy in terms of the primacy of economic factors in
propelling a colonised people towards political emancipation Jinnah had
received from the historic realm and his own background— in particular,
the economic bias in his family background, in Bombay’s mercantile
culture which was almost at the centre of the most formative influences
in his early life, and in the pronouncements of, and proposals mooted
by, Muslim leaders from Sir Syed Ahmad Khan (1817-1898) down to Iqbal
(1877-1938) on the one hand, and by the Mohammedan Educational
Conference (f.1836) to the All India Muslim League (1906-47), on the
other. These proposals were essentially aimed at exhorting the
intelligentsia to work for the social, economic and political uplift of
the masses. Third, the stress on economic emancipation and the rise of
Muslim economic nationalism in the 1940s, in the wake of the Lahore
Resolution (1940), has been discussed and delineated briefly.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v40i4IIpp.1155-1165

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