A Review of the Relationship between Poverty, Population Growth, and Environment

Seeme Malik, Naghmana Ghani


Deterioration of natural resources during the past few decades
has come to prominence as one of the most important current global
issues [Desta (1999)]. Increase in population density in ecologically
fragile areas and consumption of nonrenewable natural resources at high
rates is seen as one of the leading causes of this deterioration [Grigg
(1991)]. At present, in some of the developing countries, the pollution
of air, water and soil has reached life-threatening levels [Gilbert
(1991)]. In many of these countries population pressures,
socio-political conditions and economic arrangements have resulted in
massive natural resource depletion [Ahmed and Mallick (1999)]. In a
developing country, poverty is the major factor that distorts the
population transition in response to food supply [Aziz (2001)]. Pethe
(1982) suggested that the best way to reduce poverty is to bring
fundamental changes in society. The magnitude of this task can be seen
readily, if we look at some of the basic dimensions of poverty [World
Bank (1998)]:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v44i4IIpp.597-614


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