Interaction between Population and Environmental Degradation

Mohsin Hasnain Ahmad, Usman Azhar, Syed Ashraf Swati, Zeshan Inam


Economic development and population growth in the poor areas
of the earth is a subject of an essential concern for the environmental
economists. Developing countries are facing and suffering by the serious
problem of high population growth which is causing environmental
degradation. A rapidly growing population exerts pressure on
agricultural land and raises demand for food and shelter which
encourages the conversion of forest land for agricultural and
residential uses, now we know that growing population is a major cause
of air, water, and solid waste pollution. The world population was 2.52
billion in the year 1950, which increased to 6.06 billion in 2000 and is
likely to reach 8.3 billion by the year 2030. While the population size
will remain almost stationary in the economically developed part of the
world, around 1.2 billion, during the same period population is likely
to grow in the less developed regions. This is likely to pose challenges
for the economic growth and pressure on environmental resources in the
developing countries. Furthermore, most of the population growth in the
developing countries is likely to be concentrated in the urban areas.
This has implication for increased demand for energy and water resources
in the urban areas. This will also pose challenges for the management of
increased solid waste, air and water pollution. One of the striking
experiences of the developing

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