Decube Framework: An Introduction to a New Energy Modelling and Planning Process for Sustainable Utilisation of Pakistan’s Energy Resources

Adeel Ghayur


Sustainable Development—which ensures that the use of
resources and the environment today does not restrict their use by
future generations [UNEP (2007)]—is the most significant challenge
facing today’s governments. Consequently, the notion of Sustainable
Development [Matthews (1979)] has become a fundamental part of any
policy and decision carried out at national and international levels. If
the current acceleration of human advancement is not reduced it poses
the biggest threat to long term sustainability of the entire globe,
arising from the development and industrialisation in the twenty-first
century, dwarfing the impact of twentieth century. This further
compounds the work of policy-makers faced with the challenge of fast
tracking the economies of developing countries. Since the Industrial
Revolution energy has become the lifeline of economic development and
progress. This led to exponential increase in use of fossil fuels.
However, rampant, unchecked and accelerated burning of fossil fuels in
the twentieth century has resulted disastrous and long term damaging
effects to earth’s climate. Consequently, world has begun this century
with the aim “to develop a coherent and practical approach to climate
change [World Energy Council (2007)].” “Safe, environmentally sound and
economically viable energy pathway that will sustain human progress into
the distant future is clearly imperative [WCEW (1987)]” to achieve the
above goal. As a result environment has become an integral part of any
energy system and policy. On the whole today’s energy policies and
decisions have to be carefully woven into an intricate web traversing
the boundaries of economy, environment and society.

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