Environment-Friendly Cotton Production through Implementing Integrated Pest Management Approach

Muhammad Azeem Khan, M. Iqbal, Iftikhar Ahmad


Tremendous increases in pesticide use in cotton growing areas
have severely affected the health of peoples and degraded environment
[Poswal and Williamson (1998); Ahmad and Poswal (2000); Orphal 2001 and
Khan (2000)]. Farmer Field School (FFS) based IPM implemented in the
world to reduce dependence on pesticides and promote environmentally
safe plant protection practices. An FFS-led Integrated Pest Management
(IMP) model implemented in Pakistan during 1996—popularly known as
“Vehari Model”, clearly demonstrated that IPM could be implemented on a
large scale at the farm level. UNDP-FAO Policy Reform Project provided
required policy level support to scale up the Farmer-led IPM in the
country. Implementation of pesticide policy project in Pakistan
highlighted that pesticide consumption increased from 665 metric tons in
1980 to 78,132 metric tons in 2003-4. The role of private sector in
promoting the production and use of pesticides was found tremendously
high. The private sector also took full advantage of government’s
pesticide import liberalisation policies. One of the key components of
dramatic increase in pesticide use in Pakistan is related to very soft
import and registration at that time, which allowed the generic
compounds registered elsewhere, to be imported without

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v46i4IIpp.1119-1135


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