Residential Demand for Electricity in Pakistan

Muhammad Nasir, Muhammad Salman Tariq, Ankasha Arif


Undoubtedly, in the new millennium, the importance of energy
sector for the development of a country is undeniable. Rapidly
increasing knowledge along with speedy technological innovation has
resulted in the provision of abundance of facilities. This has made the
human beings, consumers or producers, much demanding for energy sources
that are used to run mechanical processes. There are various sources of
energy which include oil, electricity, gas, coal and nuclear. Countries
differ in the usage of alternative energy sources. In Pakistan the major
energy source is gas which is 41 percent of the total energy supplied.
The other energy supply sources along with their percentage shares are
as follow: oil (29 percent), hydro (12.70 percent), coal (12 percent)
and nuclear (1 percent).1 Electricity is one of the most important
source of energy in Pakistan. It has become a necessity in the present
life, having a wide range of uses in residential as well as in
commercial sector. Table 1 describes the major domestic users of
electricity in Pakistan along with their respective shares of
consumption. It is obvious from the table that residential consumption
of electricity has the highest share.

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