Agricultural Development: Planning and Implementation (Israel Case Study) by R. Weitz and A. Rokach, D. Reidel Publishing Co., Netherlands, 1967. pp.XIX + 404. Price 117s., DM 55.50.

Hiromitsu Kaneda


Jewish agricultural settlement since the 1880's can be
characterized by two unique features: the urban, educated people settled
and became farmers of their own free will; and the agricultural
settlement was carefully planned, first on the farm unit level, and
later on the regional and national levels. On both of these the Israeli
experience is unique in that each is the reverse of the usual process
observable elsewhere. During the twelve years following the attain¬ment
of statehood in 1948 Israel absorbed successfully over 1.25 million
immi¬grants into agriculture, over two-thirds of whom had none or
limited degree of familiarity with the "modern" agriculture, as they
came from North Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. Nonetheless, they
became part of a highly technical and organized farming system. Between
1950 and 1965, total agricultural pro¬duction in Israel increased by 500
per cent. The productivity of labour in agri-/. culture rose at a
remarkable annual rate of 10.8 per cent between 1955 and 1959 and at
11.2 per cent between 1958 and 1963.

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