Urban Informal Sector: How Much Women Are Struggling for Family Survival

Tasnim Khan, Rana Ejaz Ali Khan

Abstract


The paper analyses the contribution of informally employed
women (for the age group of 16-60 years) to their household budget. The
urban informal sector largely absorbs women workers. We examine the
determinants of their contribution to their household budgets for the
survival of the families. Applying the OLS model to 937 observations, it
is found that women as heads of household, women’s education, and
ownership of assets by woman have a positive effect on their
contribution. The burden of the large family size, household poverty,
and loans availed by the household are shared by the informally employed
women, as these variables positively affect their contribution. Age of
the woman has a non-linear effect on woman’s contribution. The
contribution first increases and then decreases by an increase in the
age of the woman. Married women and women living in nuclear families
contribute more to the household budget. The household per capita income
and number of children (5-15 years) in the household have shown a
negative effect on the contribution of women to the household budget.
The household’s economic vulnerability due to unemployment of husband
and lower productivity caused by lower education of husband are also
largely shared by the urban informally employed women, i.e., they
struggle more for family survival. However, the number of adult males in
the household decreases the volume of contribution by women and the
burden on women is relaxed.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v48i1pp.67-95

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