Education Order in Punjab: A District Level Study.

Aisha Khan


This paper attempts to evaluate the status of education in the
current districts of Punjab and compare this with the status of
education attainment in 1998. The tool used for assessment and
comparison is the Education Index (EI) for the districts of Punjab. The
Education Index is a composite index which is calculated using
enrollment at different education levels and literacy rates. The main
data sources used are the Population Census 1998, Punjab Development
Statistics 1998 and the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2008.
Using data from these sources, robustness in the results is verified by
comparing different weighting simulations of the EI. The EI results are
found using the UNDP methodology and the Principal Component Analysis
(PCA) method. Both methodologies of calculation lead us to ascertain the
robustness of the EI calculation using the data. This testing allows an
important conclusion to emerge that the different weighting schemes does
not largely affect the ranking of districts. Further, by comparing the
results for both years, considerable development in education status is
observed; however, an unexpected result also appears. The relative
pattern of education status across Punjab has hardly altered in the last
ten years even with the considerable progress that has been witnessed.
This shows that an unchanging relative ranking of districts seems to
exist unless significant endorsement of education takes place within the
lowest ranked districts. JEL classification: I2, O1 Keywords: Education,
Development, Developing Country

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