Economic Impact of Climate Change on the Agricultural Sector of Punjab

Uzma Hanif, Shabib Haider Syed, Rafique Ahmad, Kauser Abdullah Malik


As back as the Industrial Revolution, anthropogenic activities
namely, power generation from fossil fuels and deforestation activities
have been continuously increasing the atmospheric concentration of GHGs
beyond their natural limits resulting in an enhanced greenhouse effect,
vis-à-vis, an increase in global temperature. The rise in temperature
could be coupled with changes in rainfall pattern, rise in sea level,
and frequency and severity of extreme events namely, cyclones and
droughts etc. The sum of all these changes is referred to as climate
change. Climate change affects economic development in many ways,
especially the agrarian economies have always depended on vagaries of
nature and climate. Change in temperature, precipitation averages and
extreme climate events can alter yield, income, health, sociology and
physical safety. Climate change is a global phenomenon and no country is
immune to it. The disappearing of the Himalayan glaciers at a fast pace
would increase the probability of extreme water flows, rendering it
uncontrolled will bring heavy floods, loss of life, livestock, crops and
infrastructural facilities in Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bangladesh.
Climate change will affect all sectors of the economy not alone
agricultural sector the most as well as health, forests, energy, coastal
area, biodiversity and ecology all over the globe. In this connection,
it will be pertinent to give the most recent events which have taken
place across Asia.

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