Rooftop Rain Water Harvesting Technology and Women Time Allocation in District Bagh and Battagram Pakistan.

Ajaz Mustafa, Usman Mustafa, Mahmood Khalid

Abstract


Water is essential requirement of life and its accessibility
is the basic right of all human beings. Safe drinking water is an
essential component of primary health. It plays a vital role in
livelihood, food security and sustainable development. Rooftop Rainwater
Harvesting Technology (RRWH) is a best alternative approach to conserve
and supply water. Especially, it is crucial in seismically sensitive,
geographically uneven, and countryside areas. A large majority of
population in Pakistan is living in areas, where access to safe drinking
water is very serious issue. In these areas most vulnerable segment of
population is women because they are the ones who have to fetch water
from far flung areas for their daily consumption. In order to resolve
the issue of water in Pakistan, a number of public and private agencies
are working in this field. Different approaches, techniques, and
practices are being adopted to address this issue. Present study
evaluates the impact of RRWH technology with special reference to women
time allocation in Bagh and Battagram districts of Pakistan. Analyses
were carried out using Ordinary Least Square (OLS) technique to quantify
the results. The results reveal that RRWH technology is viable, time
saving, women friendly, and sustainable source of safe drinking water
supply, especially in seismically sensitive, geographically uneven, and
countryside areas of Pakistan. JEL classification: O13, Q25, Q56, Q58,
R28 Keywords: Rooftop Rain Water Harvesting: Safe Drinking Water,
Seismically Sensitive, Geographically Uneven, and Countryside: Women,
AJK and KP, Pakistan.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v50i4IIpp.459-470

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