Mismatch Between Education and Occupation: A Case Study of Pakistani Graduates.

Shujaat Farooq


In this study, an attempt has been made to estimate the
incidences of job mismatch in Pakistan. The study has divided the job
mismatch into three categories; education-job mismatch, qualification
mismatch and field of study and job mismatch. Both the primary and
secondary datasets have been used in which the formal sector employed
graduates have been targeted. This study has measured the education-job
mismatch by three approaches and found that about one-third of the
graduates are facing education-job mismatch. In similar, more than
one-fourth of the graduates are mismatched in qualification, about half
of them are over-qualified and the half are under-qualified. The
analysis also shows that 11.3 percent of the graduates have irrelevant
and 13.8 percent have slightly relevant jobs to their studied field of
disciplines. Our analysis shows that women are more likely than men to
be mismatched in field of study. JEL classification: I23, I24, J21, J24
Keywords: Education and Inequality, Higher Education, Human Capital,
Labour Market

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v50i4IIpp.531-553


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