Burning of Crop Residue and its Potential for Electricity Generation

Tanvir Ahmed, Bashir Ahmad

Abstract


This paper identified the factors influencing the rice crop
residue burning decision of the farmers and the potential of the burnt
residue to generate electricity. For this study, data were collected
from 400 farmers in the rice-wheat cropping system. Effects of different
variables on the burning decision of rice residue are investigated
through logit model. A number of factors had significant effects on the
burning decision of crop residue. These included farming experience of
the farmer, Rajput caste, farm size, owner operated farm,
owner-cum-tenants operated farm, silty loam soil type, livestock
strength, total cost associated with the handling of residue and
preparation of wheat field after rice, availability of farm machinery
for incorporation, use of residue as feed for animals, use of residue as
fuel, intention of the respondent to reduce turnaround time between
harvesting of rice and sowing of wheat, convenience in use of farm
machinery after burning of residue and the geographic location of farm.
The overall quantity of rice straw burnt is estimated to be 1704.91
thousand tonnes in the rice-wheat cropping areas with a potential to
generate electric power of 162.51 MW. This power generation from crop
residues would be a source of income for the farmers along with
generation of additional employment opportunities and economic
activities on sustainable basis. In order to minimise the cost of
haulage of rice straw, installation of decentralised power plants at
village level would be a good option. Further, use of rice crop residue
as an energy source can help in reducing foreign exchange requirements
for import of furnace oil. JEL Classification: O44, Q12, Q16, Q42, Q48
Keywords: Bioenergy, Crop Residue, Electricity, Energy, Growth,
Rice

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v53i3pp.275-292

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