Educational Inequality in Rural and Urban Sindh

Noman Saeed, Ambreen Fatima


The key development objective of Pakistan, since its
existence, has been to reduce poverty, inequality and to improve the
condition of its people. While this goal seems very important in itself
yet is also necessary for the eradication of other social, political and
economic problems. The objective to eradicate poverty has remained same
but methodology to analysing this has changed. It can be said that
failure of most of the poverty strategies is due to lack of clear choice
of poverty definition. A sound development policy including poverty
alleviation hinges upon accurate and well-defined measurements of
multidimensional socio-economic characteristics which reflect the ground
realities confronting the poor and down trodden rather than using some
abstract/income based criteria for poverty measurement. Conventionally
welfare has generally been measured using income or expenditures
criteria. Similarly, in Pakistan poverty has been measured mostly in
uni-dimension, income or expenditures variables. However, recent
literature on poverty has pointed out some drawbacks in measuring
uni-dimensional poverty in terms of money. It is argued that
uni-dimensional poverty measures are insufficient to understand the
wellbeing of individuals. Poverty is a multidimensional concept rather
than a unidimensional. Uni-dimensional poverty is unable to capture a
true picture of poverty because poverty is more than income

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