Tax Structure in Pakistan: Fragmented, Exploitative and Anti-growth

Mahmood Khalid, Muhammad Nasir


Taxes are involuntary charges levied on individuals or
corporations and enforced by a government entity—whether local,
subnational or national—in order to finance government activities. As
such, the prime objective of the taxes is revenue generation. However,
for sustained stream of revenues, the tax policy also needs to be growth
facilitating. These dual objectives can only be achieved if the tax
policy reduces the deadweight loss resulting from imposition of taxes,
and help transactions grow. Higher number of transactions is associated
with higher economic growth and more employment. Increased growth
enhances the taxable capacity of the economy and therefore generate
sustainable streams of revenues.

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