Experimental Evidence on Public Good Behaviour across Pakistan’s Fractured Educational System

Zehra Aftab


This paper investigates how Pakistani higher education
students from different social strata act within the context of a game
that allows for cooperation and punishment. Findings reveal that both
female and male madrassa students are the most generous players.
Moreover, there is more gender and social consciousness in male students
than female students when deciding to penalise or not. Male madrassa
students penalise female students more than male higher-income students;
moreover, elite male students penalise male madrassa students more
heavily than fellow elite students. The latter result suggests the
presence of spite among elite boys towards high contributors if they
belong to another social class/group. This research helps us break from
social stereotypes that depict lower-income madrassa students as
particularly intolerant of other social groups. JEL Classification: C71,
C90, D91, Z12, Z13 Keywords: Higher Education, Madrassas, Public Goods
Game, Social Stratification.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v60i3pp.283-308%20


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