Endurance or Submission: How Terrorism Frame Households’ Time Allocation?

Miraj Ul Haq , Iftikhar Ahmad, Annum Hussain


Terrorism cause psychological injury, placing an unsettling
impact on human life. In Pakistan, the continuous stream of terrorism
since 2009 induced fear, expectedly influencing households’ behaviour
about their economic decisions. In this context, the study empirically
investigates the effects of terrorism on households’ time allocation
decisions in the pre-2009 and post-2009 periods to track their time
allocation for business activities and leisure. For this study, 200
households are interviewed from district Peshawar of the KPK province in
Pakistan, one of the worst-hit districts from terrorism. Findings of the
study reveal that in general, terrorism has posed a significant impact
on households’ time allocation patterns. Analysis explains that in the
post-2009 period, increasing incidents of terrorism triggered fear in
the people’s minds. Consequently, time for business activities shrunk
while the time for leisure increased. To be more exact, households
preferred to stay at home and spend time on leisure activities (with no
financial yield) rather than engaging in business activities. JEL
Classification: D91, R23, R28 Keywords: Terrorism, Fear, Violence, Time
Allocation Pattern, Pakistan

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v60i3pp.331-352%20


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