Rural Income Distribution in Pakistan in the Green Revolution Perspective

M. Ghaffar Chaudhry


Relatively higher income disparities are regarded as the
characteristic phenomenon of the less developed countries and as a rule,
the income concen¬tration increases with economic growth during early
stages of development [ll,p.25]. In general, the more rapid the growth
during early stages, the more intense the development of income
inequality. The underlying reasons for this development are two. First,
the development-conscious governments of the less developed countries,
in order to raise investment, allow income dis¬parities to widen.
Second, the resource mobilization policies often lag behind and fail to
cope with the continuing growth process and the resources tend to
concentrate among resource owners. Since spectacular growth in Pakistan
has been experienced under the green revolution, it was thought that the
green revolution might lead to magnification of income inequalities in
rural West Pakistan. Falcon [5,Pp, 698-710] remarks that the green
revolution might generate unprecedented income inequalities among the
rural classes. Gotsch [6, p. 28] argues that since the green revolution
technologies (e.g., tractors, tubewells, seed and fertilizer) were
concentrated in the hands of a few well-to-do farmers, there was a
strong tendency for the income inequality to increase. Nigar Ahmad [1,
pp.3-4] Rafiq Ahmad [2, pp.5-6] and Dilawar Ali Khan [9, pp.62-83]
also hold that the impact of the green revolution technology has been
biased in favour of the large land owners.

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