Interdistrict and Interprovincial Differentials in Correlates of Female Labour Force Participation, 1961

Nasra M. Shah, Nasreen Abbasi, Iqbal Alam


This paper is an attempt at analysing female labour force
participation and its various socio-economic and demographic correlates
in Pakistan. Data for the four provinces have been analysed separately
in order to get an idea of the diversity between regions and to identify
characteristics that influence female work participation in different
parts of the country. The area relating to the size and structure of
female labour force has received considerable attention in recent years
in Pakistan. A preliminary attempt, using 1961 Census data, was made by
Bhatti and Alam [1] at iden¬tifying the significant correlates of female
work in Pakistan. Yusuf [20] analysed correlttes of male participation
in labour force by using data from the 1961 Census. Constraints and
cultural definitions relating to types of female work were discussed by
Papanek [15], Pastner [14] and Shah [18]. Saeed [17] analysed the
factors important in female participation in farm operations, and
differentiated between work participation by women belonging to various
castes in four villages in Lyallpur. A case study of women's attitudes,
environment and activities has recently been made by Khan and Bilquees
[4] for a Punjabi Village. Shah [19] analysed from survey data the
demographic and socio¬economic influences on female labour force
participation in the rural and urban areas of Pakistan.

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