Literacy and Educational Attainment Levels in Pakistan: 1951-1973

Naushin Mahmood


The role of education as a necessary means of meeting the
shortages of trained personnel and manpower requirements as well as a
factor in increasing productivity and economic growth rates, is of
fundamental importance to the developing countries [14, p. 13], and has
greatly reinforced the need for educational planning as an integral part
of development plans [17, p. 612]. Education is recognized as a factor
of prime importance in the Fifth Five-Year Development Plan of Pakistan.
While high priority has been assigned to primary education and
vocational and technical training, qualitative im¬provement has also
been emphasized for the secondary and higher levels of education [8, p.
147]. Although proportion of literates has increased sub¬stantially
during the past thirty years; Pakistan like other developing countries,
still has predominantly illiterate population. In the present study an
attempt has been made to assess the literacy status of the country
quantitatively. The qualitative aspects which are equally important for
educational development, shall be studied in a subsequent paper. With
the aim to review the educational progress on the basis of the number of
literate and illiterate persons, levels of education attained and the
extent of participation of children in schools, the broad objectives of
this study are as follows:

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