Factor Inputs Use and Farm Productivity on Different Farm Categories in the Punjab

Abdul Salam

Abstract


The question of relative farm efficiency, reflected by various
productivity indices, under different farming situations and
arrangements such as farm size and tenure, has been the focus of
attention of development economists for a long time. It is also a matter
of considerable interest and concern for the politicians and policy
makers, especially, in developing countries striving to in¬crease their
farm production. Empirical studies under traditional agricultural
con¬ditions [4, pp.815-34] indicated higher output per acre obtaining
on small farms as compared to large farms because of intensive
cultivation practised on the small farms. With the introduction of
"Green Revolution" technology the debate about the distribution of gains
of new technology and its impact under different farming situations has
assumed special significance. Under increasing popula¬tion pressure,
deteriorating land man ratio in most of the developing countries and
rapidly changing agricultural environments, it is important to know how
different farm categories compare with each other in terms of their
factor inputs use and farm productivity in order to chart out a course
of action for increasing farm output. This paper using micro level farm
data compares the use of various factor inputs and farm productivity
prevailing on different farm categories. These data relate to 1972-1973
cropping year and were collected through a field survey in which 192
farmers operating farm area of upto 50 acres and located in 16 villages
of Gujranwala and Sahiwal districts of the Punjab were interviewed.* It
is hoped that the analysis attempted here will be of some help in
providing guidelines for agricultural development in the
province.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v17i3pp.316-332

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