"Economics of Share -Cropping in Haryana (India) Agriculture" - A Comment

Abdul Salam


Economic efficiency of agriculture in developing countries has
been a matter of great interest among the development economists and has
received considerable attention in the literature on agricultural
development. The increasing access to electronic computers and
availability of farm management data have provided further impetus to
the empirical analysis and comparison of economic efficiency among
well-defined farm groups and a rich body of literature on the subject
appeared during the Sixties and Seventies [2; 3; 4; 6; 7; 8; 10; 11;
12;!3; 14 and 15] . "Economics of Share Cropping in Haryana (India)
Agriculture" by F. S. Bagi, published in the Spring 1981 issue of this
Review [I], is a recent contribution to the literature dealing with
economic efficiency of agriculture. Analysing data from a survey of 119
farms from Haryana (India), the author concludes that technical
efficiency of the share-cropping farms is lower and there is Significant
allocative inefficiency on share-cropping and owner-operated farms. The
contribution, though analysing an important issue of Haryana
agriculture, however, suffers from some serious methodological problems
and faulty interpretation of some of the empirical results. The 119
survey farms on which Bagi's analysis is based, had the following
irrigation pattern: 20 farms fully irrigated, 17 farms totally
unirrigated and remaining 82 farms partly irrigated. It is not clear
from the study how the sample farms were selected, what sampling
procedure was followed in choosing these farms, and how closely the
"Sample farm groups" represented the actual farming situation in
Haryana. Therefore, one does not know whether the results can be
generalised to Haryana situation or not.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v20i4pp.447-452


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