Fertility Preferences and Contraceptive Use in Pakistan

Ghulam Yasin Soomro, M. Naseem Iqbal Farooqui


Pakistan, established in 1947, is currently experiencing one
of the highest growth rates of population in the world. If the 1972-81
intercensal growth rate continues, the population size would be
approximately 95 million in 1985 and 150 million by the year 2000. The
growing population size is already straining the scarce resources of the
country and will further aggravate the level of socia-economic
development; for the family planning programme which was launched to
check the pace of population growth has not produced any tangible
results. The major criterion for the successful implementation of a
programme is that there should exist an effective demand in the society
which should be matched equally with the supply. In Pakistan, the
reverse has been experienced so far. The programme has been very active
in maintaining an adequate supply of contraceptives without perceiving
the demand situation. For the desired achievement of a programme three
preconditions deduced from the demographic transition theory have been
set forth by Coale [3]. The demand aspect of these includes perceived
choice of an individual and favourable socio-economic conditions for
declined fertility. In order to facilitate transformation of the
perceived choice into behaviour, the availability of appropriate
contraceptive technology is essential.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v24i3-4pp.605-618


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