Literacy and Education: Fifth Release From the 1961 Census of Pakistan (Review Article)

Jamila Akhtar


This review of the Literacy and Education Bklletin1 of the
1961 Census is fourth in the series of review articles published in this
journal2. The Bulletin under review forms a part of the interim report
on the characteristics of the population of Pakistan. It gives
information on the number of illiterate and literate persons by age and
sex for rural and urban areas on division and district basis; illiterate
and literate.population in selected cities and towns; and the
educational levels attained by the literate population by age and sex
for divisions and districts. Relevant statistical notes and statements
precede the tables in the Bulletin. The objective of this review is to
describe the meaningfulness and significance of literacy statistics. To
this end, a distinction is made between formal and functional levels of
literacy. Comparisons of the 1951 and 1961 census figures are undertaken
to indicate the progress of literacy and education during the past
decade with reference to the effect of intercensal rate of population
growth on such progress. Certain questions regarding the reliability of
data are raised, which emphasize the need for caution in the
interpretation of literacy statistics.

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