Agrarian Transition in Sind: An Analysis of Interlinked Rural Factor Markets

Nomaan Majid, Khaud M. Nadvi


The process of change in the tenurial structure of Punjab's
agriculture from sharecropping tenancy to an owner-cultivation with a
wage-labour system of production has been well-documented in. [Alavi
(1976); Hamid (1980); Hussain (1980); Khan (1981); Khan (1983); and
Mahmood (1977)] . It has been argued that this has come about through
the induction of the new technologies (firstly in the form of tube well
irrigation and subsequently followed by the biological and mechanical
technologies) associated with the "Green Revolution". In Sind, however,
in spite of the use of modern technology, the tenancy-based system of
production still predominates. According to the 1980 Census of
Agriculture, tenant farms were the largest single category of farms in
Sind (with 49 percent of all farms). This study, which reports
preliminary findings from lower Sind, uses the framework of interlinked
factor markets [Bardhan and Rudra (1978); and Bardhan (1980)] to see if
mutually desirable interlinkages for tenants and landlords in their
access to land, labour and capital markets can explain the retention of
tenancy in the face of exogenous forces of modernization.

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