Migration and Fertility in Pakistan

M. Framurz Khan Kiani


The phenomena of migration and fertility has not drawn much
attention in Pakistan. A few studies based on census data, the National
impact Survey 1968-69 and the Population Growth Survey 1968-71 showed
higher crude birth rates for rural areas than for urban areas. However,
recent studies showed higher urban fertility in Pakistan. In view of the
increasing rate of rural migration to the urban areas it is important to
understand the contribution of migration to population growth. The main
objective of the present study is to explore differentials in fertility
between migrants and non-migrants along with the socio-economic and
proximate determinants and to investigate whether these show
statistically significant variation in fertility between migrants and
non-migrants. The primary source of data for this study is the
Population Labour Force and Migration Survey (PLM) 1979-80. Migration
and fertility questionnaires were merged to determine the migration
status of husband and wife to relate it to the fertility of women. A
total of 33S female migrants in urban areas and 480 in rural areas were

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v26i4pp.587-589


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