Determinants of the Declining Share of Agricultural Labour Force to Total Labour Force in Pakistan

Khalid Hameed Sheikh, Zafar Iqbal


The agricultural labour force in Pakistan has been increasing
rapidly due to population growth as well as a declining mortality rate.
However, the share of the agricultural labour force to total labour
force has been decreasing. The objective of this paper is to search for
the factors responsible for this decline. The period covered is from
1959•60 to 1986-87. The development process is characterised as one
which brings about a fundamental change in the structure of an economy.
In this process, labour is shifted from low productivity areas, such as
agriculture, to high productivity areas, such as the manufacturing,
construction and transport sectors. The share of value added of
agriculture in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has declined from 46 percent
in 1959- 60 to 25 percent in 1986-87. Hence, the key determinant of
declining share of agricultural labour force to total labour force (RA
LF) appears to be some measure of economic development.

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