Education in Selected Islamic Countries: A Comparative Analysis

Shamim A. Sahibzada, Mir Annice Mahmood

Abstract


Five major issues can be'identified in the field of educa tion
in most developing countries. These are (1) llliteracy, (2)
Inefficiencies within the school system which affect school output and
the quality of education; (3) the output of the educational system does
not match with the requirements of the type of skilled manpower required
by the economy; (4) the management of educational systems has become
more complex given the growth of knowledge; and (5) resources available
for educational purposes are insufficien t. This paper, which is a
preliminary study, attempts to undertake a comparative analysiS of the
state of education in selected Islamic countries with particular
reference to Pakistan in the light of some of the issues mentioned
above.' The objective is not only to gather data on major educational
variables in these countries but also to see the relative standing of
Pakistan with respect to these countries in the educational field. The
first two issues will form the focus of our study and the last issue
which deals with resource availability for education will be discussed
in the context of public expenditure on education. The inefficiencies
within the school system can be examined, to some extent, by looking at
enrollment ratios, teacher-pupil ratios and drop-out/repeater rates. The
data on the latter are available only for repeater rates and that, too,
only for the first level of education.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30541/v28i4IIpp.803-827

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